Why the under-40s should get ready for a lifetime of saving

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If you’re still younger than 40, you have an amazing possibility to provide your future self with free money for years. But to do that, you need to cut your expenses a bit and take up saving money.

The Lifetime Isa (Lisa) programme from George Osborne’s budget will provide you with a bonus of 25% at a tax-free interest. The bonus is provided for those who save for their first home or peaceful retirement. The people who put the largest sum of money that’s allowed – £4,000 annually – will get £1,000 on top of every payment. So if you start saving at 18 and finish at 50, you will get up to £32,000 of free cash.

You can access the money only when you turn 60, unless you’re buying your first house. However, according to the Isa provider Calum Bennie, such a top-up from the government can’t be missed.

“There is no doubt that it’s hard to save in the early stages of working life but, provided you stick to the rules of this Isa, you will be glad you invested.”

The Lisa won’t start until April 2017 so you have a year to get your finances in shape. Here’s what you should do:

Set a budget and stick to it

“The most important thing is to be brutally honest,” says Joel Marks, the co-founder of Opencast Financial, a company specialising in mortgage advice. “There is no point in looking at your spending through rose-tinted glasses.”

He recommends highlighting your base salary and comparing it with your outgoings for one month.

“Rank your spending — your mortgage would come first, followed by utilities and council tax.” Bottom of the pile is your discretionary spending; nights out and clothes are splurges that you can trim.

Drocelle Benezet, the director of Budget Mastermind, says: “Start with the basics: how much do you spend on bills? How much would you like to invest? How much would you like to save and spend? Once you’ve divided your money into those basic categories, you have a pretty good foundation for building a more specific budget.”

Go for the easy kills

Don’t attempt to make ambitious cutbacks all at once. Start with little luxuries, such as that regular cup of coffee. Fidelity Investments suggests that reluctant savers try an Isa Cappuccino Plan. It reckons that £2.50 spent on a daily caffeine fix could be diverted into a stocks and shares Isa, giving you £50 a month (£600 a year) to play with. Not only would that attract a £150 bonus in the Lisa, your total returns after ten years could exceed £7,000 if your investments grew at 5 per cent a year. Rachel Springall, at Moneyfacts.co.uk, says: “Making lunches each day and taking advantage of coupons will also help save on food expenses.”

Do a proper audit on your bills

Jody Baker, the head of money at comparethemarket.com, says: “Regularly shopping around and switching supplier is the most effective way to ensure that you get the best prices. Some insurers discount the first year’s cover, so when it comes to renewal, the next year’s cost can be higher, making switching essential.” Ms Baker reckons that millennials who switched energy, home and car insurance every year would stand to gain more than £500, giving them £5,082.40 to put into a Lisa over ten years.

Get your debts under control

Mr Marks says: “Anyone who has an expensive unsecured loan or credit-card debt should look to pay that off before they start to save.” Ms Springall, meanwhile, advises switching to a better deal. “We are in a market where balance-transfer credit cards are rife and there are cards with interest-free deals and no upfront fees.”

Use your current account wisely

You shouldn’t be paying a fee for your current account, nor is it wise to rack up charges every time you use your overdraft. Ms Springall says: “With the seven-day switching service it’s faster and easier than ever to move your current account.”

Those who don’t want to switch but are in the red may want to consider a money-transfer credit card. It works like a balance-transfer credit card but credits your current account instead of clearing a card debt. Virgin Money offers this service interest-free for 40 months with a 4 per cent fee.

Paul Ward, of Professions Practice Finance, which offers business loans to professionals, recommends opening two accounts. “One should have enough money to pay your monthly bills plus a float of £50. Use the other as your daily spending account. If you find that you are still going overdrawn, try taking cash out at the start of the week and don’t carry your debit card.”

Catch the savings habit

A savings habit fostered over a few months will soon become effortless. “Just do it,” says Frank Mukahanana, the chief executive of Quidcycle, a peer-to-peer lending platform. “Set up a standing order and forget about it. You can also create accountability by telling a close friend and creating peer pressure to help you stay on course.”

Mr Ward recommends setting up a regular payment into your Lisa the day after you get paid and keeping a separate savings account containing about three months’ salary for emergencies and other goals, such as holidays.

Venture out of your comfort zone

The Lifetime Isa will be a vehicle for cash deposits and stocks and shares investments. Go with the latter to turbo-charge your returns. Michelle McGrade, the chief investment officer at TD Direct Investing, says: “Diversification is important; I would buy funds rather than individual stocks. Pick an area of finance that you are interested in, whether that’s China growth, UK fashion brands or the environment. Read about them so you understand the sectors, and then you can apply that knowledge to your investing.”

Mr Bennie says there is no guarantee you will get back what you put in. “But as a young person, you are investing for the long term and you’ll be able to ride out the ups and downs of the market.”

Student savvy

Amy Wotton, a 22-year-old architecture student at the University of Edinburgh, budgets carefully and has been able to live on her student loan and grants without asking her parents for help.

She says: “As funds are limited, I do find it useful to use budgeting apps to keep a track of how much I am spending on a weekly basis. For example, I would set aside a figure of £50, and if I spend less, the remainder would carry over to the next week, and if I spent more the deficit would carry on to the next week. I also use sites such as TopCashback, Maximiles and Nectar Canvass to earn extra money. Since I have been at university this has provided me with several hundred pounds extra to spend, which can’t be bad for very minimal effort.”

Ms Wotton has already set up a Help to Buy Isa to put towards a deposit. She says: “It seemed like a no-brainer because the government will top up the final value with an additional 25 per cent.”

Where to get help

Moneydashboard.com— links to your bank account and has colourful spending and saving graphs to help you to change your behaviour.

Ontrees.com — puts spending in different categories so you know exactly where the money is going.

Toshl — a spending diary app that reminds you to keep it up to date

Topcashback — shows if you can earn money on the things you buy

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